What is Vocational Education
At a general level, the definition given by the European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training (Cedefop) is useful: All structured activities that aim to provide people with knowledge, skills and competencies necessary to perform a job or set of jobs, whether or not they lead to a formal qualification’ (Cedefop, 2009b, p. 8). Vocational training, also known as Vocational Education and Training (VET)provides job-specific technical training for work in the trades. Students may prepare for jobs such as Auto repair. electrician, plumbing, tailoring, and Locksmithing.
Vocational Education brings opportunities for new jobs, making it possible for people to specialize in sectors that require certain skills and are irreplaceable jobs. and build careers for example Locksmithing. The job outlook for locksmiths appears promising, according to 10-year projections by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics issued in 2008. They must be trained and equipped to manage and operate electronic security equipment for residential homeowners, public facilities, and commercial businesses. This is where Vocational Education brings opportunities for new jobs. The expected number of locksmith workers in 2018 is expected to be 24,800, which represents an approximate 12 percent growth. ( https://work.chron.com/job-outlook-locksmiths-24344.html) Integrating immigrants with vocational education.
Vocational education grows the economy
VET provides mental, health, and societal benefits. Vocational training has also been shown to help individuals develop social competencies and improve health-related behavior. It can have a positive impact on a person’s motivation, attitude, self-esteem, and self-confidence, especially among the unemployed and immigrants. For example, immigrants develop various skills and competencies which can help them qualify for citizenship after vocational training because a job can guarantee them residency or work visa later. Therefore, in relation to developing countries, bilateral aid agencies, the World Bank and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) advocate vocational education to reduce poverty, promote economic growth and increase competitiveness (Comyn & Barnaart, 2010).
Vocational training offers training for specific jobs. Since vocational training often begins in high school, students can graduate prepared to take a high-paying, skilled job immediately. Graduates of trade or vocational schools have an advantage over informally trained job-seekers because an independent organization certifies that they have the skills needed to successfully perform a specific, skilled occupation.
VET other major benefits for economic growth:
Vocation or technical training education not only provides high school students with the ability to develop skills but also prepares them for the workforce and increase their ability to access jobs later. These programs also help provide basic knowledge with the real working experience necessary to enter the workforce directly after high school without a college degree.
Therefore employers often invest in them to replace those who are retiring in the workforce as employers look at them as trained applicants with the ability to perform in a skilled occupation. Vocational education and training (VET) have in recent years enjoyed a revival for two major reasons. Firstly, it is regarded as a suitable means of promoting economic growth. Secondly, it is seen as a potentially powerful tool for fostering social inclusion.
In a European context, it is seen as a major tool in the transformation of the European economy (Bordeaux Communiqué, 2008), and there are numerous examples of presumed effects in countries, regions and specific sectors of the economy (Baum, 2002; Budría and Telhado?Pereira 2009; Mupimpila & Narayana, 2009; Spielhofer & Sims, 2004).
The contribution VET makes to productivity it addresses the important aspects of social inclusion. One of the most important means through which education facilitates social inclusion is through socialization – that is, preparing pupils and students for participation in society as adults. Another equally important and associated aspect is that VET could be particularly effective in the transition from school to work, that is, to counteract youth unemployment.
Many countries have taken steps to strengthen policy guidance and regulatory frameworks for technical and vocational education and training and to improve partnerships with the private sector and employers.
The question of net economic benefits from training is crucial also in more extensive programmes, in particular, apprenticeship programmes that are based on long?term relationships between the apprentice and the enterprise. The interest in apprenticeship?based VET has increased since the early 1990s, but one of the factors that seem to be problematic in most countries is that employers, not least small and medium?sized enterprises, consider the costs too high (Billet & Smith, 2005).
As VET typically increases productivity at the company level, it seems plausible that it should be possible to observe a similar effect in macroeconomic development. Where the benefits of VET will outweigh the costs leading to further economic growth.