The mainstream government’s use of power is often characterised by silencing and concealing perspectives which oppose its own


The mainstream government’s use of power is often characterised by silencing and concealing perspectives which oppose its own, while broadcasting supporting propaganda. Postcolonialism works to reveal such exclusions through the ideas of resistance and otherness, we are faced with a division of class and race within the Australian borders. Comparison between L-fresh the Lion and Andrew Bolt explores the many themes found within both texts. By investigating the works of Gunew (1994) and Loomba (2005) we observe the immigrant conundrum involving what is culturally accepted and criticised within Australian ethos. Fanon (1967) and Said (2000) go on to further condemn how postcolonialism effects the nation and its belief system. Further ideas of the postcolonial theory can be noted by McDuie-Ra’s (2012) representation of resistance and its ability to understand political representation, whereas Zhang (2015) analyses otherness and the differences between the east and west and finally Ong (2012) which discusses hybridity in relation to globalisation and postcolonialism. Resistance against opposing ideals creates a divide in what the Australian identity is, by adamant government bidding for assimilation or relegation of foreigners.
Resistance towards a nation can effect people of different nationalities living in a country like Australia. Study of the music video and the newspaper article reveals themes of resistance, strongly displayed by criticising other’s cultures. There are “fundamental questions about what is excluded and what is included in the operations of aesthetics judgement.” (Gunew, 1994). Both L-fresh the lion and Bolt both ignore certain facts about the Australian identity, specifically how immigrants are crucial to that identity. The lyrics of the song focus on how mistreated certain races are by white Australians. However, the newspaper article examines how immigrants are destroying the identity of the nation. McDuie-Ra (2012) depicts how politics effect postcolonialism due to what the nation believes appropriate for maintaining and focusing on literary and cultural studies. L-fresh the lion’s music video addresses the many issues which immigrants must face, through his transformation from a suit to a traditional Indian outfit, we receive a message of needing to accept what our nation is about which is to protect and unite all people no matter their race. Conversely, Bolt ignores Australia’s Multicultural reputation and claims that with more foreigners migrating to Australia we are losing sight of what we were, despite a series of constitutional amendments preventing the enforcement of xenophobic aspects of the immigrant law, such as the White Australia policy. Loomba (2005) investigates the role of the elite native men (White Australians) which have found a way to ‘speak’, however for those who are further down the hierarchy, self-representation is not a possibility. Australia is grounded by a juxtaposing opinion on what the Australian identity truly is, from the first settlement Australia has had a multicultural society. Andrew bolt (2018) argues that immigrants have affected the Australian identity, however the white Europeans which claimed the land were technically immigrants as well. McDuie-Ra (2012) investigates the need for a political position countering the establishment US imperialism and associated globalisation. The logic of protecting the national identity from foreigners from war torn countries is ridiculous as the Australia’s identity is grounded in multiculturalism. L-fresh analyses the Australian identity through his lyrics “waiting but man it’s a long line.” (L-fresh the lion, 2016), illustrating how foreigners consistently wait for certain things such as visa’s, citizenships and even jobs due to ethnic factors, ratifying ideas of otherness and deeming people as second-class citizens.
This feeling of otherness positions people as second-class citizens even when born in Australia. L-fresh the lion uses the themes of otherness to showcase issues ingrained in Australia, through his lyrics we understand the division between them verses us (east vs west), where the government creates a shroud of fears and fantasies about immigrants (Said, 2000). Bolt’s (2018) article analyses these fears on stereotypes fabricated regarding immigrants from distant countries. Investigation into critics’ arguments regarding orientalism focus on imperialist discourses and their positioning of colonial people, omitting the way they are received by the public (Loomba, 2005). Bolt’s (2018) newspaper article title which is in bold, grabs people’s attention, the title suggests people from overseas are like their fellow countrymen. Despite a majority having lived in Australia for several decades ago and have had children born in Australia. Said (2000) discusses the relationship between power and knowledge within the roles of the intellectual, as Australia should embrace its multicultural society. The feeling of otherness is also seen within L-fresh the lion’s song which reveals the reality of needing to work two jobs to feed their children and have a good name wherever they work. Zhang (2015) analyses the immigrant’s sense of otherness through using examples of the U.S in the twentieth century, where there was a stereotype of “black portraits.” (Zhang, 2015, p. 1320).
L-fresh the lion (2016) reveals in his lyrics, “I’ll never fake the rap till the day that I’m gone,” as it reveals that they will continue to tell the truth about what they are facing now until they are no longer. The song nearing the end focuses on the racial situation of who belongs within the Australian identity, the knocking down of the lectern is used to symbolised the hostility towards the government. Zhang (2015) further analyses how race isn’t an actual category, rather an effect which is experienced by people of colour and the function primarily to legitimize hegemony and racism by denoting otherness. The sense of otherness within both the newspaper and music video continue to analyse us verse them and continue to degrade one another.
To amalgamate the divided classes, the issues of immigration and foreigners are continuously being humiliated about where they live. The constant struggle to assimilate immigrants and foreigners into Australian society frequently hits a wall due to humiliation regarding living situations. Combining different cultures into post-colonial nations often cause critiques to be made about the way we live. Through the combination of foreign and national values and beliefs we are faced with hybridity. By mixing dominant and subordinate cultures, we notice the discrimination against immigrants due to the way they live, as the dominant culture stereotypes and positions them as villains. L-fresh the lion criticises the Australian government and the regulations it has applied to limit the number of foreigners entering the country (Bolt’s, 2018). Hybridization is a “new transcultural form within the contract zone produced by colonization” (Ashcroft, 2007, p.108). L-fresh the lion discusses these new transcultural forms and truth behind the government and legislation preventing all ‘Australians’ to live harmoniously in this nation even if they were born elsewhere. Ong (2012) criticises the role of hybridity within postcolonialism and globalisation, which focuses on how hybridity operates within social, sexual, linguistic and governmental contexts within the modern empires. Bolt (2018) further examines the ideas of the modern empire and how other races, complain about the sense of a common identity which is apparently continuously challenged within our society. Ong (2012) evaluates hybridity in relation to imperial control, language development and the politics of interracial sexual relations. This can be seen through L-fresh the lion’s song where there is a mix of the government’s ideas of the nation’s identity to a foreigner’s identity. On the other hand, within Bolt’s article suggests that foreigners refuse to adopt true Australian values attempting to segregate themselves to protect ones culture while tarnishing Australia’s. Said (2000) discusses the vulnerability of the conjunctional nodes of ongoing disciplinary discourses where each of them speculates nothing less than new objects of perspective, these concepts are clearly seen through both the song and newspaper article. This is further backed up by Gunew (1994) as he provides examples of cultural criticisms emanating in part from minority perspectives. Through criticising what each medium does we can see that hybridity is clearly shown throughout both texts, but we can also see the ambivalence of otherness and assimilation.
The relationship between others verses how you see yourself, helps the audience of the song and the article understand otherness and assimilation. Gunew (1994) examines the decline of religion in the modernist era, whereas the traditional sense that we have models of truth sustained by acts of faith. L-fresh the lion analyses the connections between foreigners and the nation, as governments don’t take the advice of minorities and do what’s best for them. However, Bolt (2018) argues that the refusal to assimilate Australian values is a function of our indeterminate values and identity as we are divided as a whole. The question whether if there ever was an “us” within Australia stems back to our history of Aboriginal segregation creating a domino effect on foreigners seeking refuge today (Bolt, 2018). Through analysing the differences between otherness and assimilation, Fanon (1967) exposes colonialism in the efforts of the native to rehabilitate himself and to escape from the claws of colonialism which are logically inscribed from the same point of view. Fanon (1967) further draws on the struggles of national liberty through the cultural phenomenon known as the “awaking of Islam”. This is shown in ‘Get mine’ (2015) where the foreigners were continually persecuted during the Cronulla riots where several protest marches showed the police utilised pepper spray and engaging in physical confrontations with the immigrants. Assimilation within the nation is focused on making one belief system and to restore balance to the Australian identity, rather than adopting an amalgamation approach to accept foreginers. Through the use of visual representation, L-fresh the lion puts himself in a position of power, behind a lectern in a “press conference”, he depicts the many issues we as Australians have with our recent series of prime ministers, further demonstrating the instability of our nation. How can a country and its identity be unified if its own government can’t be unified either? Loomba (2005) analyses the political issues within the nation through critics arguments that concentrate too much on imperialist discourses and their positioning of colonial peoples, neglecting the way in which these people contribute, modify or challenged such discourses. This is further explained by Gunew (1994) as the process raises a fundamental question about what is excluded and what is included in the operation of aesthetics judgement. Bolt’s article attempts to show the Australian public that we shouldn’t allow foreigners to come into the country as it would affect the Australian identity, yet the Australian identity involves both “true” Australian and foreigner ideals, regardless of their country of origin.
Postcolonialism within these two texts, explores how the Australian identity is either a multicultural land which disregards immigrants or becoming inundated with undesirable foreigners, migrating to our country from their own war torn countries. We can conclude from a comparison between these two texts that the Australian identity is based in multiculturalism. Since the conception and colonisation of Australia’s history we have been a multicultural society from co-existing with the indigenous aboriginals all the way to the foreigners arriving on boats in todays day and age. Postcolonialisms aim is to reveal the poorly represented population of Australia, juxtaposing the immigrants against the imperial mainstream of power.