The liver exhibits many functions in the body


The liver exhibits many functions in the body, including filtration and volume regulation of the blood, endocrine control of growth signaling pathways and biliary excretion (bile salts and bicarbonate) that facilitates digestion of fats and lipids 1. The liver also provides immune system support, detoxifies chemicals such as xenobiotics, and metabolizes drugs and macronutrient supplying the body with the needed energy.
Carbohydrate storage as glycogen and glucose manufacture via the gluconeogenic pathway is the most critical liver function, in addition to cholesterol homeostasis, lipids oxidation, and storage of excess lipid in other tissues, such as adipose. Finally, the liver is a major producer of the proteins secreted in the blood, their conversion into amino acids, and removal of nitrogen in the form of urea metabolism 6.

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