M. Kyiakidis, R. Happee, J.C.F. de Winter objective is to find the main benefits of road transport using automated cars, there are few demerits which lead to intense destructiveness.
On record, 60% of the total U.S petroleum consumption was used for road transports, which is generally 11 million barrels per day. Fatalities in road transport differ from country to country. Fatalities rate in high income countries are favored, that to say is declining while those in low-income countries are generally increasing.
Day-to-day trends makes it obvious that injuries caused by road traffics result to be the fifth well-known cause of death by 2030 based on the status of the country.
Every darkness has light, the light to this road transport accidents and problems is automated driving systems. This automated driving systems has three classification in which the final step leads to fully automated driving mode, where no manual cooperation is involved. This poses optimal solutions in terms of safety, congestion and emissions. Though automated driving systems have great potential to improve safety and efficiency of road transportation, there are yet to be faced.
A research by Underwood in 1992 to identify which intelligent vehicle technology would likely be deployed in North America resulted that the ACC would be the most popular feature. Expects predicted the ACC would be installed in 5% of the vehicles by 2004 and would reach 50% of market penetration by 2015. Also, Automated braking would follow lagging 6 years to 10 years and by 2002 with frontal collision warning systems and back-up warning systems would reach 5% penetration. It can be seen that their predictions were quite accurate. To know the level of acceptance of technological systems that could assist drivers who are in an impaired state, a questionnaire was distributed to roughly 407 people in 9 European countries, and results showed that, though many drivers accepted being warned by a supportive assistance system, they expressed “a definite rejection of automated driving”. A more positive picture of the public opinion was displayed from recent studies. The first study of the global market research company power picture of the public opinion was displayed from recent studies. The first study of global market research power and associates surveyed 17,400 vehicle owners defined autonomous driving mode as, “a feature that allows the vehicle to take control of accelerating, braking and steering, without any human interaction” Less than 37% of the drivers answered that they “would” be interested in such a technology. These responds however declined to 20% after they were informed about the estimated market price of $3,000.
A survey then carried out by continental A.G in 2013 among China, Germany, Japan and U.S. pointed out that 59% of respondent considered automated driving a useful advancement. Their only fear was that they were unnerved by the development and did not believe that such vehicles would function reliably study conducted among the British public found it important to manufacture driverless cars while 41% found this unimportant. Ratio findings of men finding driverless cars important to women was 23%. People aged 55 and above also found it to be useless while those between 16 years 34 years old did not. Likewise, people who lived in congestion cities found automated driving technology more important than those living in a non-living environment.
June 2013, a study was conducted among 32 people from Los Angeles, Chicago and Iselin who were at least 21 years of age had a car.
From results, women were more willing to use self-driving vehicles than men.
Howard and Dai explored people’s opinion on self-driving cars using a video and a questionnaire. Results showed that 75% safety and convenience 61% were the attractive features about automated driving while 70% and 69% indicated liability and lost respectively. More than 40% were willing to developed cars.
Casley et al (2013) carried out a survey on the public opinion on fully automated cars among 467 students. When the students were ask to rank the most influential feature, 82% choose safety, 12% legislation and 7% cost. Men were more likely to adopt and enjoy self-driving can than women.
Begg (2014) conducted a survey of London transport professionals to know their perception, whether self-driving cars would be a reality, 35% believed it would happen, while 10% believed it would never happen, 36% and 24% of respondents agreed and strongly agreed, respectively that automated vehicles would improve safety for all road users.