Should Sex Education be Implemented at Schools in Malaysia Sexual and romantic relationships are an important part of life


Should Sex Education be Implemented at Schools in Malaysia
Sexual and romantic relationships are an important part of life. It ensure the survival of all species in the world. But somehow problems involving sex is a common occurrence for ages and seems that we haven’t found the solution for it. Some country have implemented sex education in their school system as the solution for those problems. But I wonder why does Malaysia haven’t take the same action too? “Sex education is instruction on issues relating to human sexuality, including emotional relations and responsibilities, human sexual anatomy, sexual activity, sexual reproduction, age of consent, reproductive health, reproductive rights, safe sex, birth control and sexual abstinence”.(Wikipedia). In general, sex education is basically education about sexuality. Some of us would prefer not to talk about the topic ‘sex’ in school and just keep it private. Their thought has been widely accepted and that’s why some of the countries such as Malaysia have not implemented sex education in their system. Roland Martin from CNN in 2016 once said that “too many parents live in denial about their children having sex, and somehow saying you’ll handle the tough stuff is living in fantasy land”. They are just denying things that they are not certain of. Teaching youngsters about all the things that they should know about sex and keeping them away from the things that is not suitable yet for their age is our responsibility. “There is a statement recorded from a well-educated young woman who thought that a kiss could make her pregnant”. “What she didn’t know, as she claimed after being caught abandoning a new-born baby, was that she could get pregnant by having sexual intercourse” (Miwil and Ying, 2017). It is a case that showed to us how important sex education for youngsters. “If kids are out there having oral sex, they sure need to know that doing so without protection can be life-altering” (Martin, 2016). These naive young people sometimes don’t even know the consequences of the things that they are doing. They just want to have fun that was led by lust. It is their right to have the information about sexual activity. Miwil and Ying from new straits time, 2017 quoted word from Federal police Sexual, Women and Child Investigation Division assistant principal director Assistant Commissioner Ong Chin Lan saying that “Sex education is crucial and parents must communicate, and be sensitive and observant towards their children. It should not be a taboo to discuss sex with them,”. Furthermore, “early exposure to sex education could prevent children from becoming victims, according to the Suspected Child Abuse and Neglect team leader Dr Ng Su Fang of Likas Women and Children’s Hospital” (Miwil and Ying, 2017). Most Malaysian parents still did not find that sex education is crucial for their child. They prefer to talk this topic privately or not to talk about it at all. That’s the main reason why Malaysian government haven’t implement sex education in our school system. But problems involving sex such as sexual transmitted disease, teen pregnancy, baby dumping etc are always a major problem for our country. Therefore, the objective of this paper is to discuss the importances and benefits of sex education on individual and country in order to solve the argument of ‘Should Sex Education be Implement at Schools in Malaysia?’.Teenage pregnancy and sexual transmitted diseases is a growing issues in all part of the world and of course Malaysia are not excluded. In fact it has turned into a serious problem at our country as it brings many negative effects to the individual and the country. “Teenage mothers are more likely to drop out of school. Only about one-third of teen mothers obtain a high school diploma”(Swierzewski, 2000). “Teenage pregnancies are associated with increased rates of alcohol abuse and substance abuse, lower educational level, and reduced earning potential in teen fathers.” (Swierzewski, 2000). Those are some of the effect of teen pregnancy. Don’t take it for granted as it could lead to many other problems such as financial and emotional crisis, medical complication, social obligation, baby dumping, etc. These problems effecting individually initially but it will turn into a national issue as the problems grow bigger effecting millions of people in that country. Same goes to sexual transmitted diseases, clearly it leaves a lot of negative effects towards individual and country. According to statistics from AIDS/STI Unit, Ministry of Health Malaysia, “66% of new HIV infections are found in adults aged 20-39”, “a higher rate of HIV transmission through sexual transmission (74% of cases in 2013) versus injecting drug use (22%)”. What’s worrying us the most is the fact that it is affecting adults aged 20-39 which is the range of age that citizens are most productive. We also noticed that HIV transmission is at higher rate through sexual transmission. Meaning that sexual education could be very helpful to solve this problem. “Women’s Centre for Change (WCC) President, Lalitha Menon, in an interview with Malaysian Digest, said teenage pregnancy in Malaysia is indeed a growing issue and there are various interrelated factors that lead to this problem. She absolutely agrees that comprehensive sex education is the way forward”. Kids are becoming more sexually active nowadays. With so many unfiltered content that can be easily found online making sexual activities frequent. The government could not stop those activities anyways but the best that they can do is to avoid all the effects of it and sex education is the answer. Malaysia haven’t implement sex education, therefor we use studies and researches from other country that have implemented sex ed a long time ago. “Researchers studied the National Survey of Family Growth to determine the impact of sexuality education on youth sexual risk-taking for young people ages 15-19, and found that teens who received comprehensive sex education were 50 percent less likely to experience pregnancy than those who received abstinence-only education”(Kohler, 2009). Research has proven that sex education is an affective way to reduce teenage pregnancies and sexual transmitted diseases. Some people still questioning how does the implementation of sex ed could be helpful? Firstly, teens need more information on how to prevent pregnancy and STDs and sex education could provide the information to them. “Young people face a barrage of confusing messages. Along with titillating images from the media, some kids are told to “just say no” to sex. In school, others are taught how to put condoms on bananas in preparation for the real thing, and still other children receive no information whatsoever”(Masland, 2013). They need the real knowledge of safe sex and not the confusing messages from people advising them about sex. When they got the information and knowledge they will start to practices safe sex. And it would be very helpful in the reduction of std and baby dumping rate in Malaysia if people practices safe sex. But it has to be stressed out here that we are not encouraging people to have sex without marrying but it is about what we can do to prevent std and teen pregnancies through sex education. “Whether it’s safe sex practices or even abstinence, all of these issues must be dealt with in an educational setting, because when we look at the teen pregnancy rates, sexually transmitted diseases, including HIV/AIDS, it only makes sense to have as much education as possible” (Martin, 2016).

From my observation to the society nowadays, I realized that teens are still not mature when it comes to the topic ‘sex’. Youngsters exposed to adult material nearly everywhere they go but their mind and thoughts are still not ready for it. It’s either avoid the exposure of adult materials such as sexual activities to youngsters which is nearly impossible these days or we could prepare them to be more matured and be ready to deal with the real situation. Sometimes youngsters do things that they wanted to without knowing the consequences. With the help of sex education these problems can be solved. At such young age people tend to get many wrong and confusing information about. “Sex education helps them to clarify their thoughts. Sexual education helps children in many ways.”(Nelson, 2012) “The course helps with clarifiying questions with information’s.”(Nelson, 2012). Furthermore, myths surrounding sex such as ‘people cannot get pregnant at first time’ can be dispelled. Sex education also “teaches the kids what is an appropriate touch and what is a non-appropriate touch” (De, 2012). “The kids will learn the correct terms instead of the street slang for a word. They will also learn about birth control, diseases, and about the reproductive system” (Essortment, 2011). Kids must be prepared for the real world. They deserve to know all the informations involving sex so that they could make the right decision for themselves. For example, when girls are aware of the effects of sexual activities towards them, it helps the to decide their action and they have the right to say no to sex. Knowledges and information about sex is very important to youngsters and it is our responsibility to provide it for them. Therefore I strongly stand with the idea of implementing sex education in Malaysia.

Besides that, in my opinion the main reasons to implement sex education syllabus in schools is to protect children and teenagers from being abused. Child sexual abuse is characterized as any shape of sexual action taken onto a child whether by a individual more youthful or more older than the victims. “Munro claimed that children and youngsters are helpless and often can be exposed to sexual activity without anybody knowing” (Munro, 2000). What’s more, as they didn’t get any advising or instructing, they don’t have full understanding of being exploited. It additionally abandons them in an unprotected circumstance which they may be gone after once more. Basically, there are numerous sexually abused children who did not come to light or the consideration of government on what have been done to them. The wrongly set disgrace, the blame and the fear of being faulted on have shied them away from confessions to guardians or related government authority. Furthermore, sex education lately become important in these past few years but child sexual abuse has existed all through human history. Hence, the rate of sexually abuse children and youngsters can drop significantly year by year. Other than that, “the availability of sex can moreover offer assistance and direction to children with learning disabilities as they go through puberty state” (Carroll, 2010). However, sex eduction gives youngsters and adolescents information on how to avoid sex mishandle, that and that they should look for help on the off chance that they were victimized. It teaches youngsters and adolescents to be very much aware of sexual mishandle. It can be presumed that with a specific end goal to reduce the rate of child sexual mishandle, the carrying out sex ed in schools is pragmatic as youngsters and adolescents would find out about kid abusers and sex manhandle and they could reject such offenses upon them. Besides, children and young people should be more aware of the current circumstance in this advanced society and they would know the essential activities to be taken. Not as it were that, the victimized would be able to get it that they are not alone and numerous are willing to loan a hand to their situation.

On top of that, parents or guardians may shy to teach and talk about sex with their children and this is become one of a solid reason why sex education is vital to be implemented in schools. Besides that, because of the fear and respect they have on their parents, many teenagers feels they themselves can’t stand to share or express freely with their parents about sex, because there are high percentage that their parents will ignore about their questions and keep silent without answering what they are asked about sex. Therefore, they cannot rely on their parents for sex education. Thus, this will lead them to find it from other sources. If they know about sex from bad source it can make them ignorant for the entire life because kids have a fresh and empty mind.

References
Parker, A. M. (2011, April 20). Sex Education in Schools Pros and Cons. Retrieved November 5, 2017, from http://ezinearticles.com/?Sex-Education-in-Schools-Pros-and-Cons&id=6200521#frefMasland, M. (n.d.) Carnal knowledge: The sex ed debate. Retrieved November 5, 2017 from http://msnbc.msn.com/id/3071001/539480.aspDe, Arpita. “Sex Education in Schools.” Only my health. March 7, 2012. http://www.onlymyhealth.com/sex-education-in-schools-pros-cons-1310535352AIDS/STI Unit, Ministry of Health Malaysia
“Pros and Cons of Sex Education in School.” Essortment your choice for knowledge. Mar. 2011 Retrieved November 5, 2017 http://www.essortment.com/pros-cons-sex-educationschool-39312.htmlNelson, A. (2012, November 13). Sex Education. Retrieved November 6, 2017, from http://lexischool.weebly.com/uploads/8/9/1/4/8914820/englishsexeducation1.pdfSex education. (2017, November 13). Retrieved November 17, 2017, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sex_educationMartin, R. (2016, July 25). Opinion: Sex ed should be mandatory in schools. Retrieved October 23, 2017, from http://edition.cnn.com/2011/10/29/opinion/martin-sex-education/index.html
Swierzewski, S. (2000, October 30). Teen Pregnancy, Consequences of Teenage Pregnancy. Retrieved October, 2017, from http://www.healthcommunities.com/teen-pregnancy/children/overview-of-teen-pregnancy.shtmlKohler et al. “Abstinence-only and Comprehensive Sex Education and the Initiation of Sexual Activity and Teen Pregnancy.” Journal of Adolescent Health, 42(4): 344-351
http://www.malaysiandigest.com/features/566460-teenage-pregnancy-has-turned-into-a-serious-problem-do-we-even-care.html