Robert E. Lee
There are many different people from the past that are known for the name of their era they lived in for being legends or hero’s. One of the people that is famous is Robert E. Lee. There isn’t honestly a single person that doesn’t know who that is or at least doesn’t know he was a general in the American Revolution.
“Robert E Lee’s father Henry Lee III fought under generals George Washington and Nathaniel Greene in the American Revolution; served as the ninth governor of Virginia from 1791 to 1794; and was Major General in the US army from 1798 to 1800. Henry Lee III is often referred to by his nickname ‘Light Horse Harry’ which he acquired due to his adroit horsemanship. However, he suffered severe losses in in the latter part of his life and had to serve one year in debtors’ prison. Robert Edward Lee was the fifth of six children born to Henry Lee III and his second wife, Anne Hill Carter.” “In 1825, Robert E Lee entered the United States Military Academy. He graduated without any demerits. In the early part of his career, Lee served as a military engineer with his duties varying from budgeting to building designs for buildings. He was known for his attention to detail.”
“Lee had known Mary Custis from childhood. She was the great granddaughter of Martha Washington, the first, First Lady of the United States. He started courting Mary in 1829 but her father George Washington Parke Custis didn’t consider Robert a suitable match for his daughter as Robert’s father had spent time in jail. However, Robert and Mary were able to change his mind and they married with his approval on June 30, 1831. The couple went on to have seven children.”
Robert did many awesome things that he is known for and one is his envolvement in the Mexican American war. “During the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), Lee was put under General Winfield Scott. He learned from General Scott’s ability to outthink the enemy, plan precisely and react intelligently to overcome adverse situations in battles. Lee fought with distinction at battles such as Vera Cruz (March 1847), Cerro Gordo (April 1847), and Chapultepec (September 1847). He was also involved in tactical planning and found routes to attack the Mexicans which they didn’t defend as they thought the terrain was impassable.” He was a very intelligent in other matters, “Lee foresaw a long and difficult war and wanted peaceful resolution of the differences between North and South. He also didn’t want Virginia to secede (withdraw formally) from the Union so that his various loyalties—to country, army, state, and family—could remain intact. He also considered secession a betrayal of the efforts of the founders.”
Another thing that some people may not know about him is that he struggled in his loyalty in the civil war. “In March 1861, Lee was promoted to full colonel by US President Abraham Lincoln. However a few weeks later Virginia seceded and Lee was offered command of the Union forces as major general. He declined the offer as it would require him to invade the South. Mary Lee later called the moment of choosing between the Union and Virginia as “the severest struggle” of her husband’s life. Lee prayed for two days after which he resigned from the US army and accepted command of Virginia’s forces.” I personally find this intriguing because I find it interesting that he prayed upon his decision before acting upon it just like how us Christians do to this day and just proves God is a huge factor in history.
“Lee went on to win numerous battles against far superior Union armies, which included Second Battle of Bull Run and the Battle of Chancellorsville. Soldiers, as well as civilians, looked to him for leadership and inspiration, more so than the troubled Davis government. However, the Union’s access to better weaponry and technology; and Union General Ulysses S. Grant’s superior campaigns; led to multiple Confederate defeats. Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, 1865. Ironically, he had fought alongside Grant in the American-Mexican War. Despite his defeats, Lee was revered in postwar South.”
“After the war, Lee was not arrested but he lost his right to vote. He accepted an offer to become the president of Washington College in 1865 and remained so till his death. Lee suffered a stroke on September 28, 1870 and died 2 weeks later due to the effects of pneumonia. Due to heavy rains, the only undamaged coffin that could be found for him was a little short and hence he was buried without his shoes. Robert E. Lee remains one of the most revered American generals and has been commemorated on U.S. postage stamps at least five times.”
In conclusion, Robert E Lee is a very famous and fascinating person that played a big factor in our history. He is a very commended officer that served in the war of our country.
Figure 2f from: Irimia R, Gottschling M (2016) Taxonomic revision of Rochefortia Sw. (Ehretiaceae, Boraginales). Biodiversity Data Journal 4: E7720. https://doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.4.e7720. (n.d.). doi:10.3897/bdj.4.e7720.figure2f
Robert E. Lee Facts. (n.d.). Retrieved April 18, 2018, from http://www.softschools.com/facts/biography/robert_e_lee_facts/892/
Robert E. Lee. (2017, October 31). Retrieved April 18, 2018, from https://www.biography.com/people/robert-e-lee-9377163
History.com Staff. (2009). Robert E. Lee. Retrieved April 18, 2018, from https://www.history.com/topics/american-civil-war/robert-e-lee