PHYSICAL EDUCATION RESEARCH PAPER
COURSE TITLE: PHYSICAL EDUCATION
COURSE CODE: PHED1001
PROGRAMME: BACHELORS OF EDUCATION (CORNITH CAMPUS)
INSTRUCTOR: MR. KRISHNA SAMAI
NAME: RACHAEL ABRAHAM
ID #: 80975
DUE DATE: TUESDAY 8TH FEBRUARY, 2018
TOPIC: Physical education only addresses the physical components of the individual. Discuss.
Physical Education only addresses the physical components of the individual. This is an erroneous statement and the information that follows will clearly demonstrate this. As some people may think physical education is just throwing a ball, running, jumping and telling kids to play. Physical education however addresses not only you physical development, but it also addresses your cognitive, emotional and mental development throughout our life span and promotes social well-being.
No doubt, physical education plays an important role for our health, growth and development. Physical activities boosts one’s metabolism which enables them to burn a significant amount of calories in a shorter period of time. Hence weight is generally loss during this process. In addition, physical activity helps you live longer and prevent many chronic diseases, such as heart disease, high blood pressure, abnormal blood lipid (cholesterol and triglyceride) profile, stroke, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and colon and breast cancers. According to Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2015).
However the benefits of physical education extend beyond physical well-being. Dating back to the time of “Athenian Greeks” quest for physical and intellectual perfection, in numerous festivals Athenians celebrated the beauty of the human form in dance, art, religious rites, and athletics. Plato believed physical education was essential to the development of effective and productive citizens and therefore viewed it as an integral part of his Academy curriculum. The purpose of physical education was two-fold: to prepare citizens for military responsibilities, and to educate the entire body. An early advocate of the modern day concept of “wellness”, Plato indicated that physical training not only prepared all young people for military service, but also aided intellectual growth and emotional balance. Plato stressed the importance of movement and dance at an early age as a structured way to consume excess energy, teach teamwork and social responsibility, and to develop within the child a sense of order and discipline that would prove beneficial in later academic pursuits. Researched by Mc Farlene ; Mc Daniel, (2002). To the Greeks, physical education was not only strength and battles but includes the grace and beauty of movement.
More recent research according to Mc Kinney ; Lithwick (2016) has suggested that cognitive development in regular physical activity can help keep your thinking, learning, and judgment skills sharp as you age. It can also reduce your risk of depression and may help you sleep better. It has shown that doing aerobics or a mix of aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities 3 to 5 times a week for 30 to 60 minutes can give you these mental health benefits. The benefits of physical activity in maintaining cognitive function in older age and promoting healthy aging have been well documented. In the third decade of life the human brain starts to show a loss of gray matter that is disproportionately large in the frontal, parietal, and temporal lobes of the brain. Physical activity may also reduce the risk for developing Alzheimer disease. Exercise is one of the safest and most effective ways of stimulating the chemical reactions in your brain that make for a positive mental and emotional state. The symptoms of chronic anxiety, stress and mild depression can be mitigated by regular exercise.
Finally physical activity helps sharpen memory, getting sweaty increase production of cells in hippocampus responsible for memory and learning. Exercise based brain power isn’t just for kids. Even if it’s not fun as a game “Red Rover” working out boost memory. Running sprints improved vocabulary retention a study showed by Breene (2013).
It is important to note that physical activity doesn’t have to be all about strict fitness exercises to reduce blood pressure or lose weight. It can also be a time to catch up with friends, unwind or enjoy the outdoors and socialize. It can include hiking, joining a community soccer team or taking a dance class; all of which requires interaction with other people. As your social relations improve so will your emotional health and self-esteem.
In conclusion, based on the foregoing information, it is very clear that physical education does not only address physical components. The benefits to our emotional and social well-being are well known and proven via research. Physical activity will help you maintain a healthy and happy life.
Breene, S.,(2013) Mental health benefits of exercise. Retrieved from:
https://www.huffingtonpost.com/2013/03/27/mental-health-benefits-exercise_n_2956099.htmlCenters for Disease control and Prevention (2015). Physical activities and health
Retrieved from: HYPERLINK “https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm” https://www.cdc.gov/physicalactivity/basics/pa-health/index.htm
McFarland, A.J.,& McDaniel,R.L.(2002). Would you hire plato to teach physical education at
your school. Volume 59. Issue 1
McKinney, J.,Lithwick, D.J, (2016). The health benefits of physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness. Retrieved from:
http://www.bcmj.org/articles/health-benefits-physical-activity-and-cardiorespiratory-fitnessNAME: RACHAEL ABRAHAMID#: 80975
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