STUDENT ID: R1710D3611630
MOBILE: +260 979 577 397
EMAIL: [email protected]

Article Review

Shen, D., Cho, M. H., Tsai, C.L., Marra, R. Unpacking online learning experiences: Online learning self-
efficacy and learning satisfaction. Internet and Higher Education 19 (2013) 10-17. The purpose of the
article is to identify dimensions of online learning self-efficacy. Shen et al. (2013). Several test and
researches were carried out and the statistics are provided just to boost our understanding and
knowledge on how to self-efficacy has an impact on how well we perform using the online platform.
Different dimensions were reviewed and it gets interesting or realistic for used of a better word, as
we move from one to another. According to the article, many empirical researches were carried out
in the aid of understanding self-efficacy and it’s performance level using the online platform. Along
with the decision presented, demographic variables were also the divulged into as these also showed
to be the key component to online learning self-efficacy. The article simplified the different variables
and also provides in depth insights on the pros and cons of online learning self-efficacy.

To bring across the importance, while listing factors that may have a negative impact of self-efficacy
is the main purpose of this article and even thought more empirical than theoretical researches were
carried out. I express great satisfaction in the number of tests that were conducted and they were
actually done by student’s main focus. The different dimensions of online learning self-efficacy
mentioned in my introduction; to complete an online course, to interact socially with classmates, to
handle tools in Course Management System (CMS). To interact with instructors and to interact with
classmates for academic purposes are the Five Headings under which the test were conducted. When
tested amongst the different variables; prior online learning experience, gender and academic status.
The statistics showed that the male gender had a lower level of self-efficacy in most of the dimensions
listed and that raised a level of concern. While we must individually take ownership of our learning,
we must also learn to develop a “no man is an island” (Donne, 1600) or an “each one teach one”
(author unknown) mentality. Not only will it help to develop us as an individual, it will also aid in
enhancing our self-efficacy to interact with classmates both socially and academically, which is where
we see Two of the dimensions coming out. I made mention earlier that there were major concerns
raised regarding the level of self-efficacy expressed from the male gender, based on the on the lower
level of self-efficacy observed, the authors urged the instructors to give more attention to that specific
sex. It was also derived that the number of online courses taken, played a role in boosting the level of
self-efficacy to complete an online course. As it relates to academic status, the article indicated that
no noticeable amount of differences were found between graduates and undergraduates in self-
efficacy hence the reason it was chosen as a dimension. For students like myself, who have little or no
knowledge of nor experience with the online learning platform, I firmly believe that constant
monitoring, guidance and evaluation is necessary to aid the reduction of the dropout rate for students
in the online learning environment (Ali & Leeds, 2009) and to assist in the development of students
level of self-efficacy overall including interacting with instructors, ensuring that they can handle tools
in a CMS and effectively complete an online course. Once more I strongly express that I am for this
article and all the points expressed, the solutions are simple.

STUDENT ID: R1710D3611630
MOBILE: +260 979 577 397
EMAIL: [email protected]

People’s judgement of their capabilities to organize and execute of action required to attain
designated types of performances (Bandura, 1986, p. 391), is self-efficacy. We must be mindful of
others and know that in every experience there are room for errors and growth, let us use both to
strengthen our self-efficacy to; interact with classmates both socially and academically, interact with
instructors, complete our online course and effectively handle tools in Course Management System.
This article was written based on tests done on students and empirical researches were carried out.
No scientific work was done but based on statistic included, none was really necessary.
Bandura, A. (1986).