In cognitive psychology


In cognitive psychology, memory is included in the approach. Memory is considered as a complex process in humans that functions by involving parts of brain to maintain information for periods of time (Matlin, 2005). According to the multi-store memory model that was proposed by Atkinson and Shiffrin, memory is composed of three types of stores which are sensory store, short-term store (STS), and long-term store (LTS). Generally, this works by encoding information that are coming from our senses so that it could enter the sensory store that has unlimited capacity but able to decay information just in seconds. If individuals really give their attention in it, the information would be transferred to STS that has competence to hold 7 + 2 information for duration of no more than 30 seconds. Then, that information would only possible to have a further transfer to LTS if it has been rehearsed over and over again. The LTS is known to have unlimited capacity in which if individuals want to recalled back information, that information would undergo retrieval process to be transfer back to STS.