“handicraft and tourism” A Case Study on the Role of Handicrafts and Arts for Tourism Development in Patan A ThesisSubmitted to Global Academy of Tourism and Hospitality


“handicraft and tourism”
A Case Study on the Role of Handicrafts and Arts for Tourism Development in Patan
A ThesisSubmitted to Global Academy of Tourism and Hospitality
(GATE)
Affiliated to Hotelleriesuisse, Swiss Hotel Association (SHA),
Mandikhatar, Kathmandu, Nepal
In the Partial Fulfilment of the Requirement for the
GATE-SHA Higher Diploma in Hotel & Restaurant Management
(GATE-SHA HDH & RM)
By:
Manish Shakya
SMHD: 7470815
GATE College
Mandikhatar, Kathmandu, Nepal
Date: September, 2018
DECLARATIONI, hereby, declare that the Thesis entitled “HANDICRAFTS AND TOURISM”: A Case Study on the role of Handicrafts and Arts for tourism development in Patan, submitted to GATE College, affiliated to Hotelleriesuisse, is my original work done for the Fulfilment of the Requirement of the GATE-SHA Higher Diploma in Hotel and Restaurant Management (GATE-SHA, HDH&RM).

I am aware of legal consequences of a false declaration of honour.

………………….

Manish Shakya
Date: September 2018

LETTER OF APPROVALThis is to certify that the Thesis submitted by Manish Shakya entitled “HANDICRAFTS AND TOURISM”: A Case Study on the role of Handicrafts and Arts for Tourism Development in Patan, has been approved by the department in the prescribed format of the faculty of Tourism and Hospitality Education.

Approved by:
…………………………………………………………………….

Mr Dharma Raj Bhattarai Mr B.B. Chhetri
(Thesis Supervisor) (Examination controller) Date: September, 2018 Date: September, 2018

LETTER OF RECOMMENDATIONIt is hereby, I recommend for the approval of the thesis entitled “HANDICRAFTS AND TOURISM”: A Case Study on the role of Handicrafts and Arts for tourism development in Patan, Mr. Manish Shakya has prepared the Thesis under the guidance and supervision as a partial fulfillment of the requirement for the Higher Diploma of Tourism and Hospitality Education. Therefore, this Thesis has been recommended for its evaluation.

…………………………..

Mr. Dharma Raj BhattaraiThesis Supervisor
GATE, College
Mandikhatar, Kathmandu
Date: September, 2018

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTI am very thankful to Mr Dharma Raj Bhattarai for providing the guidance to prepare this Thesis. I would like express my gratitude towards the GATE College family, my friends and family who gave me continuous support and encouraged me to work hard. I would like to opportunity to thank Mr Bishnu Magar for providing their support and suggestion to complete this report. I would also like to thank GATE College for organizing the 3-days seminar on Thesis writing.

ABSTRACTHandicrafts have always had a traditional value for the people ethnicity in Nepal. It has preserved the cultural identity of the country and its people. Though in the modern world, the industrial product has taken over the market which has led to duplication and piracy but still the traditional product has the popularity. Many tourist visit Nepal to see and observe the local cultures and traditions. And handicrafts goods showcase the cultures, norms, values and tradition to the visitors. The purpose of this research is to find out the role of handicrafts and arts for the development of tourism in city of Patan, Nepal. The study is conducted also to showcase the importance of handicraft business to the local peoples and as well for the country.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
TOC o “1-3” h z u
Cover Page……………………………………………………………………………… PAGEREF _Toc515453157 h i Declaration………………………………………………………………………… PAGEREF _Toc515453162 h ii Letter of Aproval…………………………………………………………………. PAGEREF _Toc515453163 h iii Letter of Recommendation……………………………………………………….. PAGEREF _Toc515453164 h iv Acknowledgement………………………………………………………………… PAGEREF _Toc515453165 h v Abstract…………………………………………………………………………… PAGEREF _Toc515453166 h vi CHAPTER: I INTRODUCTION……………………………………………………………… PAGEREF _Toc515453168 h 1-4
1.1 Background of the Study……………………………………………………… PAGEREF _Toc515453169 h 11.2 Statement of the Problem………………………………………………………21.4 Objective of the Study………………………………………………………….31.5 Limitation of the Study…………………………………………………………31.6 Organization of the Study………………………………………………………4 CHAPTER: II REVIEW OF LITERATURE………………………………………………….5-8
CHAPTER: III RESEARCH METHOLOGY……………………………………………….9-11
3.1 Research Design………………………………………………………………93.2 Source of Data………………………………………………………………….93.3 Population and sample………………………………………………………..103.4 Data Collection Tools…………………………………………………………103.4.1 Structured Questionnaire…………………………………………………103.4.2 Interview………………………………………………………………….103.4.3 Different Publications……………………………………………………103.5 Data Collection Techniques…………………………………………………..113.7 Data Analysis Procedure………………………………………………………11
CHAPTER: IV
PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATA……………………………12-25
4.1Present Situation of Handicrafts……………………………….………………124.2 Respondent’s profile………………………………………………………….134.3 Roles of arts and crafts for Tourism Development in Patan ………………….154.4 Inflow of Tourist Visiting Patan ……………………………………………..164.5 Present Situation of Handicraft Business in Patan ……………………………174.6 Downfall in Production and Sales of Handicraft Products……………………184.7 Importance of Handicrafts Business to the Local People …………………….194.8 Reasons People Purchase Handicraft Products ……………………………….204.9 Reasons People Visit Patan……………………………………………………214.10 Importance of Handicrafts for Local People and for Tourism ………………224.11 Ways to Improve Art and Crafts Buiness in Patan………………………….224.12 Importance of Production of Handicrafts for Tourism Development In Patan………………..……………………………………………………………….234.13 Major Findings……………………………………………………………….24 CHAPTER: V SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION………………..26-295.1 Summary265.2 Conclusion275.3 Recommendation27
REFERENCES………………………………………………………………………..29 APPENDIX………………………………………………………………………30-33

List of Tables
Table 4.1: Exports of all Handicrafts 2013 to 2015
Table 4.2.1: Respondent’s Profile by their Age Group
Table 4.2.2: Respondent’s Profile by their Occupation
Table 4.3: Respondents response on if arts and crafts play a major role for Tourism development in Patan
Table 4.4 Respondent’s response when asked if the number tourist visiting the area has decreased
Table 4.5 Respondent’s response on Present Situation of Handicraft business in Patan
Table 4.6 Respondents when asked about the Downfall in Production and Sales of Handicraft products
Table 4.7 Respondent’s response on Importance of Handicrafts Business to the Local People
List of Figures
Figure no. 4.2.1: Age group of respondents
Figure no. 4.2.2: Occupational distribution of respondents
Figure no. 4.3: Roles of Arts and Crafts in Tourism Development
Figure no. 4.4: Inflow of tourist visiting Patan
Figure no. 4.5: Present situation of Handicraft Business in Patan
Figure no. 4.6: Downfall of Production and Sale of Handicrafts Products
Figure no. 4.7: Importance of handicrafts business to local people
Figure no. 4.8: Reasons People Purchase Handicraft Products
Figure no. 4.9: Reasons people visit the City of Patan
CHAPTER: IINTRODUCTION1.1 Background of the StudyA handicraft is a wide variety of types of work where various decorative objects are made completely by hand or by using simple tools. It is a traditional main sector of craft, and applies to a wide range of creative and design activities that are related to making things with one’s hands and skill, including work with textiles, mouldable and rigid materials, paper, plant fibbers, etc. Handicraft industries produce arts and crafts goods as per the requirement and taste of the people. Those handicraft made by mass production or machines are not handicraft goods.

Nepal is a developing country bordered with two Asian giants, China and India. It is a small country with great history, diverse culture and ethnicity and scenic beauty. The country has always been famous for outsiders who want a different yet miraculous experience. Despite being a small nation but having had a great topological and geographical features the country bloom into cultural diversity and traditions. This led in the development of new arts and crafts respective to the cultures, religions, beliefs, and traditions.

Nepal is a country with diverse cultures, traditions, religion and ethnicity. It is a place where one can find difference in culture and religion within a certain distance over a place. Handicrafts reflect the pristine culture of the country. In past, the crafts were made on the stone and wood and temple with the religious values but nowadays the crafts are not only made for temples. It has increases its value in decoration also, as for an interior decoration as well as a gifting purpose. It has also increased the economic values via export to international levels.

On current context of Nepal, handmade crafts are the major source of income. A record shows that, in the fiscal year 2013 2.07 billion pashmina were exported; 4 billion garments and 6.075 billion worth carpet were exported. Nepalese handicrafts are exported to United States of America, Canada, Germany, Italy, and France, United Kingdom, Denmark and many other countries. This presents the high demands of Nepalese arts and crafts. Many indigenous societies make direct income from statue, pashmina, woollen, felt, silk, cotton, Dhaka products and hemp products. In the year 2013 the handicraft covered 46% of total export and NPR.4.36 billion total handicrafts were exported.

1.2 Statement of the Problem Tourism is one of the main economic activities for Nepal. It plays a major role for the development of arts and craft in the country. The handicraft business is one of the main occupations of people in Patan depends heavily in tourism. Tourists visiting the country are the main customers for all these traditional handicrafts shops. National citizens are hardly into these products.

The recent downfall in economic and political situation of the country also has effected in this sector.. The sales of the products are also decreasing in both national and international levels. The number of visitors who are travelling to Nepal is less in number. And on top of that tourists are purchasing less of these products and are more into observations.

Through centuries handicraft business has been passing through generations but nowadays we can see the trend is fading away. This is because the new generations of people are not much into traditional works. The availability of duplicated and pirated products of low quality in lesser prices in international market has also hugely impacted on sales and export of the products. Thus because of it the business has been in negative ends.

1.3 Objective of the StudyTo find out the current situation of Handicraft Business in the region.

To showcase the importance of traditional handicraft to the locals and for tourism.

To find out the solutions to promote the development of art and crafts in Patan.

1.4 Limitation of the StudyThere are some limitations in the research. These limitations deal greatly with the quality of the research. Following are the main limitations for the research:
The study is mainly based on secondary data that was available from resources like reports, articles, magazines, journals and newspapers, so validity of the finding depends on the reliability of those data. The study was conducted in a very short time period so the findings may be inaccurate or false in some cases.

The sample size is small as only specific areas were chosen for data collection due to time constraint, limited resources and budget.

As of above limitations the research paper may not cover all the aspects of the study.

1.5 Organization of the StudyThe research is divided into various parts. The preliminary part contains cover page, table of contents followed by different chapters and last part includes references. The chapter plan of the thesis is divided into 4 chapters. It includes as follows:
The first chapter includes the introduction which is followed by the background of the study, problem of the statement, objectives of the research and limitation of the study. The second chapter contains the literature review which includes the analysis of relevant literature that helps to define research topics and methods. The third chapter includes the Research Methodology that contains type of research, research design, population and sample, sources of data, data collective techniques, analysis of data and ethical consideration. For sources of data i.e. primary data and secondary data which were collected in a systematic format by using analytical tools to analyze the data. The data is presented with the help of diagram and comparison. Finally, the summary includes the finding of research which deals with the judgment of the entire research as conclusion in chapter four.

CHAPTER: IIREVIEW OF LITERATUREA literature review is the review of previously published materials, books and research reports related to the current issues. This sections deals with the analysis of existing literature on the subject with the objectives of research and their contribution. It refers to analysis of relevant literatures that helps to define research topic and methods.

Handicraft are those products produced by artisans, completely by hand or with the help of hand-tools and sometimes using mechanical means as long as the direct manual contribution of the artisan remains the most substantial component of the finished product (UNESCO, 1997).

GEMET (2012) stated that handicraft business is the profession, commercial firm or trade involving the production and distribution of articles that are made through the skilled use of one’s hands. Collins English Dictionary 5th Edition published in 2000 9 defined handicraft business as a particular skill or art performed with the hands, such as weaving, pottery, etc. It also identified that handicraft business can be defined as skill or dexterity in working with the hands.

The Indian task forces on handicrafts also have tried to define the handicrafts in 1989 in the following words: „’Handicrafts are items made by hand, often with the use of simple tools, and …. generally artistic and / or traditional in nature. They include objects of utility and objects of decoration?? defined by the Indian task force on handicrafts in 1989 (Jena, 2008, p. 19; Ghosh, 2012, p. 67).

The First International Conference on Tourism and Handicrafts was held from 13 to 15 May 2006 in the Seminar Hall of Iranian National Broadcast Centre in Tehran. The conference was organized by the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and Iran’s Cultural Heritage and Tourism Organization (ICHTO) to discuss the role of handicrafts in promoting tourism industry, which would result in job creation and earning more currency through attracting more number of tourists (International Federation of Arts Councils and Culture Agencies, 2006).

A good quality handcraft taken home from an enjoyable holiday has continuing power to evoke wonderful memories, and indeed to arouse interests of others who see it. It also encourages them to visit the destination for more. But the linkage between tourism and handcrafts has not yet been fully explored, understood or developed, with a resultant loss of valuable revenue and job creation opportunities. In response to this, UNWTO decided that, although there have been many conferences on tourism and many on handcrafts, there was now a pressing need for a conference to develop the synergy between the two and to raise awareness about the importance of handcrafts for tourism and vice-versa (UNWTO, 2008).

Wherry (2006) also added that, in Malaysia, tourism related handicraft business is regarded to be an instrument that will balance economic growth and distribution, poverty reduction and minimize rural to urban migration. To make this reality, the government of Malaysia aims to formally support handicrafts sector by raising competent entrepreneurs and generate employment at the grassroots level and promoting the use of local materials and community involvement in craft industry. They also strive to engage young unemployed people by providing incentives that will motivate their engagement.

In destinations where tourism industry is a booming sector and unemployment rate is high, local people employ themself in curios industry since it is cheap and easy to start a craft business (Croes &Vanegas 2008). For example study in Vietnam by Ngo Duc Anh (2005) showed that craftsmen generate 60% higher average income than the average income of the rural population. Likewise, in country like Ethiopia, $12.7 million is generated each year from tourism related handicrafts sales. Croes & Vanegas (2008) highlight the fact that, tourism handicraft related business is a mechanism for poverty reduction and for improvement livelihoods of the poor with minimal barrier of entering into the business.

Tourism handicraft related business sector is characterized both by a relatively small scale of production as well as by an extensive informal sector. Because of their scale, smaller enterprises are especially vulnerable to the problems of bad governance, poor policies and weak institutions; and are also more adversely affected by high bureaucratic costs than are larger enterprises. Moreover, for smaller enterprises, remaining in the unregistered informal sector places significant constraints on enterprise’s growth, by reducing access to financial and other inputs, limiting access to public services and narrowing the kind of contracts or investments that they can make (O’Brien & Feist 1995)
In some developing countries, such as Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi and Morocco, tourism handicraft related business has been given high level of importance as it contributes to the growth of these countries’ economies and increase of foreign revenue (Wherry 16 2007). In Morocco for example, handicrafts industry generated more than US$1.5 billion, which benefited one third of the country population, money spent on crafts spreads instantly and undiluted into the local community (O’Brien & Feist 1995). Moreover, in Costa Rica, the industry attracts not only former agricultural and factory workers but also some government employees who prefer to produce cultural commodities as a way of preserving their traditional cultural practices and to validate a favourable public identity narrative for them (Wherry 2007).

The European Commission highlighted the importance of curio industry to contribute to the growth of tourism products and services of a particular destination and emphasized the importance of supporting the industry to ensure the interactions between locals and tourists to continue to exist and to increase the capacity growth of the industry in the international market (Schmid & Wie 2011).

CHAPTER: IIIRESEARCH METHODOLOGY
A research has to be well planned, organized and structured. The methodology used determines the success of any research in order to achieve the set standards and goals of the research. To know in-depth information about the topic the researcher will discuss with the professional related for several times and other related secondary information. For the preparation of the report data will be collected from the both the primary as well as the secondary sources which will include; text books, research articles, journals and related website links. This chapter highlights the process and techniques used for collecting, analysing and interpreting the data.

3.1 Research Design
A research design is a plan of the proposed research work. A research model or design represents a compromise dictated by mainly practical considerations. Research design is a research plan providing guidelines to researcher to get answer of the research objectives and to help control experimental and error variance of a particular research problem.

The research has been done under descriptive research design to give a clear picture about the roles of handicrafts and arts for the tourism development and to present systematic data’s, facts and figures.

3.2 Source of Data
The information has been collected both the primary as well as the secondary source of data. The data collected from these sources are both qualitative as well quantitative. The data has been collected through original research such as census data, sampling, journals, articles and records of the tourism board, Federation of Handicraft Association of Nepal (FHAN) etc.

3.3 Population and Sample
The research sample was taken from the handicraft shops around Patan Durbar Square. Questions were also asked to the locals of the area. The number of the sample size was 10.

3.4 Data Collection Tools
The researcher adopted research methods as per the need of the study such as research objectives, types to the data required for the research. Following data collection technique were used to collect primary data.

3.4.1 Structured Questionnaire:
Questionnaires were prepared containing both the open and closed question. Questionnaires were given to the owner of some of the art and crafts shop within the Patan’s historical area and were asked to fill the questionnaire in order to fulfil the data requirement of the researcher.

3.4.2 Interview:
Participants were interviewed in order to collect first hand data. Interview was scheduled as per the objective of the study containing both open and close-ended questions.

3.4.3 Different Publications:
Data were also collected from different books and the published articles in the magazine and websites and also from journals.

3.5 Data Collection Procedure
Data was collected through both primary and secondary sources. The primary data were collected through structured questionnaire, interview and different publication. The collected data were both qualitative and quantitative. Questionnaires with both open and closed-ended questions were prepared to collect opinion from the different respondents. Interview questions were prepared according to the objective of the study to collect first hand data. Different articles, journals and books were reviewed to collect second hand data.

3.6 Data Analysis Procedure
The qualitative data will be collected, coded and tabulated and interpreted in the appropriate formats. Different statistical tools will be used if necessary to compare the data obtain from the field survey. Primary data will be processed in the percentage of total response. The result obtained from the questionnaire and the interview methods will be presented in the tabular formats.

CHAPTER: IVPRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS OF DATAAnalysis of data is carried out so as to prove the research question correct and upkeep it with the data. The questionnaire survey was taken in August 2018. There were 12 questions altogether and 15 respondents were assigned to fill up the questionnaires form. In this chapter how the survey was planned and conducted is discussed.

4.1 Present Situation of Handicrafts
This analysis was carried to find out the existing situation of Nepalese Handicrafts in total exports.

Table 4.1 Exports of all Handicrafts 2013 to 2015
S.N. Description 2013/2014 2014/2015 % change
(+/-)
A Textile Products : 1 Pashmina Products 793,632,764 517,757,266 -35
2 Woolen Goods 619,446,798 593,017,238 -4
3 Felt Products 738,566,740 916,565,389 24
4 Silk Products 48,870,008 49,351,465 1
5 Cotton Goods 230,968,293 190,767,074 -17
6 Hemp Goods 30,614,742 22,230,063 -27
7 Allo Goods 1,739,589 2,056,974 18
8 Dhaka Products 1,197,932 1,378,701 15
9 Misc. Textile Products 18,558,436 13,913,933 -25
Sub Total : 2,483,595,301 2,307,038,103 -7
B Non Textile Products : 1 Silver Jewelry 198,498,016 164,314,900 -17
2 Metal Craft 1,105,184,488 1,091,948,843 -1
3 Handmade Paper Products 414,727,980 404,697,041 -2
4 Wood Craft 112,110,663 111,963,523 -0
5 Glass Products 201,718,293 217,936,278 8
6 Bone & Horn Products 85,449,484 62,385,086 -27
7 Crystal Products 1,864,246 2,852,543 53
8 Ceramics Products 36,769,077 21,910,521 -40
9 Leather Goods 12,772,024 23,122,241 81
10 Incense 33,389,932 33,122,472 -1
11 Plastic Items 19,341,520 20,397,967 5
12 Paubha (Thangka) 15,357,176 19,472,930 27
13 Beads Items 172,833,422 114,087,190 -34
14 Stone Craft 8,229,721 11,997,076 46
15 Bamboo Products 12,404,746 3,258,722 -74
16 Miscellaneous Goods 121,711,213 174,970,864 44
Sub Total : 2,552,362,003 2,478,438,197 -3
Grand Total 5,035,957,304 4,785,476,300 -5
Analysis of Table 1
According to the analysis of data the export of Nepalese Handicrafts has reduced in comparison with the past fiscal year. In the past fiscal year of 2013/14 the amount of export was 5035957304 where as in the later fiscal year of 2014/15 the export amount decreased to 4785476300. It shows that the exports of Nepalese Handicrafts had decreased by 5%.

4.2 Respondent’s profileTable 4.2.1 Respondent’s Profile by their Age Group:
Age Group Numbers Of Respondents Percentage %
Below 20 1 6.7
20-30 8 53.3
30-40 3 20
Above 40
3
20
Total 15 100
(Source: Field Survey, 2018)

Figure no. 4.2.1: Age group of respondents
The above pie chart shows the information about the age group of respondents. Among the total respondents of 15, 6.7% were below 20 years, 53.3% were between 20-30 years, 20% were from 30-40 and 20% were from above 40 years.

Table 4.2.2 Respondent’s Profile by their Occupation:
Occupation Frequency Percentage
Tourism 4 26.7
Business 3 20
Self Employed 2 13.3
Other 6 40
Total 10 100
(Source: Field Survey, 2018)

Figure no. 4.1.2: Occupational distribution of respondents
The above pie chart shows the occupation of the respondents. Most of the respondents were involved in other businesses which was 40%, 26.7% were involved in Tourism, 20% were in doing Businesses and 13.3% were Self Employed.

4.3 Roles of arts and crafts for Tourism Development in Patan
Table 4.3 Respondents response on if arts and crafts play a major role for Tourism development in Patan:
Views Frequency Percentage
YES 15 100
NO 0 0
Total 10 100
(Source: Field Survey, 2018)

Figure no. 4.3: Roles of Arts and Crafts in Tourism Development
The above pie-chart shows the respondents answers when asked about if the arts and crafts plays major role in Tourism Development in Patan. All the respondents agreed. 100 % said Yes while 0% said No.

4.4 Inflow of Tourist Visiting Patan
Table 4.4 Respondent’s response when asked if the number tourist visiting the area has decreased:
Inflow of Tourist (Decreased) Frequency Percentage
Yes 7 46.7
No 8 53.3
Total 10 100

(Source: Field Survey, 2018)

Figure no. 4.4: Inflow of tourist visiting Patan
The above pie chart shows the percentage of tourist visiting Patan according to the respondents. 46.7 % agreed upon the decreased in flow of tourist in the area while 53.3% disagreed.

4.5 Present Situation of Handicraft Business in Patan
Table 4.4 Respondent’s response on present situation of handicraft business in Patan:
Present Situation of Handicraft Business in Patan Frequency Percentage
Excellent 1 6.7
Good 5 33.3
Fair 9 60
Poor 0 0
Total 15 100
(Source: Field Survey, 2018)

Figure no. 4.5: Present situation of Handicraft Business in Patan
The above pie chart shows the present situation of Handicraft Business in Nepal according to the respondents. Out of 100%, 60% said fair, 33.3% said good, 6.7% said excellent and 0% said poor.

4.6 Production and Sales of Handicraft Products:
Table 4.6 Respondents when asked about the Downfall in Production and Sales of Handicraft products.

Destinations Frequency Percentage
YES 11 73.3
NO 4 26.7
TOTAL 15 100
(Source: Field Survey, 2018)

Figure no. 4.6: Downfall of Production and Sale of Handicrafts Products.

The above pie chart illustrates the responses of the respondents when asked about the downfall of production and sales of handicrafts products in the area. 73.3 % agreed with Yes and 26.7% disagreed with No.

4.7 Importance of Handicrafts Business to the Local People
Table 4.7 Respondent’s response on Importance of Handicrafts Business to the Local People:
View Frequency Percentage
Agree 100 100
Disagree 0 0
Total 10 100
(Source: Field Survey, 2018)

Figure no. 4.7: Importance of handicrafts business to local people
The above pie-chart shows that the Importance of Handicrafts Business to the locals. All 100% of respondents agreed on importance of handicrafts business for the local people and no one disagreed on it.

4.8 Reasons people purchase handicraft products

Figure no. 4.8: Reasons people purchase handicraft products
The above diagram shows the reasons why people purchase handicrafts goods as per the respondents on given multiple selection options. 86.7% of respondents agreed for home décor, 60% agreed for Export business, 80% agreed for Gifts, 46.7% agreed as Hobby and 6.7% as Passion.

4.9 Reasons People visit the City of Patan

Figure no. 4.9: Reasons people visit the City of Patan
The above scale shows the reasons why people visit the area of Patan in give multiple selection options. All people agreed on to observe Patan Durbar Square, 66.7% agreed on to see Temples, 73.3% agreed on Arts and Crafts, 53.3% agreed on Foods and 73.3% agreed on Festivals.

4.10 Respondents response on the Importance of Traditional Handicrafts to Local people and for Tourism.

Traditional Arts and Crafts has huge importance to the local people and for the development of tourism. Following are response on importance of Handicrafts for the locals and for the Tourism:
Provides employment to majority of people and improve living standards.

Handicrafts products protect and preserve cultures and traditions of a country.

Handicraft is very important because it represents the culture and tradition and is the expression of the history.

Helps in the development of the country’s economy by generating foreign currencies.

Development of handicrafts has major role in employment, entrepreneurship, tourism and economic development of a nation.

It promotes the heritage of a country through the use of indigenous materials and it preserves traditional knowledge and talents.

It helps in the tourism development by attracting foreigners and visitors to the host country.

4.11 Respondents response on, “What can be done to Improve Art and Craft Business in Patan?” Questions were asked about the ways to improve the art and craft business and the respondents provided with following solution:
Advertising and promotion campaign.

Modern technology should be introduced.

More exhibition should be held nationally and internationally to acknowledge the handicrafts.

Motivating the youths towards arts and craft development.

People should be more conscious about the art and craft. They should aim for satisfaction of the consumers.

Provide proper training to everyone about the local cultures, arts and crafts.

Young generations should show interest in development and reviving of traditional handicrafts.

4.12 Respondents response on “How can Production of Handicraft Goods help for the Development of Tourism in Patan?”
Respondent’s responses on “How can Production of handicraft product help in development of Tourism?” are as follows:
Tourists are attracted by the traditional crafted items. It also helps in employment which helps in developing tourism eventually.

It helps to generate foreign currency.

Handicraft can be sold to international tourists that will help exchange culture and will be a source of income for the locals.

Tourists mainly come to see the cultural aspects of Nepalese society and the handicrafts helps in promoting it.

People from various countries visit Nepal. As tourists are attracted by those handicrafts they would love to buy those products.

Production of arts and crafts promotes and enhances cultures and showcases it to tourists thus attracting them.

Handicrafts plays vital role in promoting and developing tourism.

4.13 Major FindingsFollowing are the major findings of this survey:
Distribution of respondents by age group. Total 15 people were surveyed. Out of them, 53.3% were from 20-30 years, 20% were from 30-40 years, 20% were above 40 years and 6.7% were below the age of 20.
Occupational distribution of respondents in provided options. . Most of the respondents were involved in other businesses which was 40%, 26.7% were involved in Tourism, 20% were in doing Businesses and 13.3% were Self Employed.
Respondent’s responses when asked if arts and crafts play major role in tourism development in Patan. All respondents agreed. 100 % said Yes while 0% said No.

The present situation of trekking tourism in Nepal according to the respondents. The respondents have three categories where 0% is Excellent, majority of 80% is satisfactory level and only 20% is Non-satisfactory. The information is presented in the table.

Inflow of tourist visiting Patan on given option. 46.7 % agreed upon the decreased in flow of tourist in the area while 53.3% disagreed.

Present situation of handicraft business in Patan on provided option. . Out of 100%, 60% said fair, 33.3% said good, 6.7% said excellent and 0% said poor.

Respondents when asked about the Downfall in Production and Sales of handicraft products. 73.3 % agreed with Yes and 26.7% disagreed with No.

Respondent’s response n if Handicraft business has importance to local people. All 100% of respondents agreed on importance of handicrafts business for the local people and no one disagreed on it.

The reasons for people purchasing art and craft goods on given multiple choice options. 86.7% agreed for home décor, 60% agreed for export business, 80% agreed for the purpose of gifts, 46.7% agreed as hobby and 6.7% agreed for passion.

Respondent’s response for reasons people visit Patan on multiple choice option. All 100% of the respondents agreed to observe Patan Durbar Square. 66.7% agreed to see temples. 73.3% agreed on to observe and purchase art and craft products, 53.3% agreed upon to taste local foods and 73.3 % agreed to see and witness local cultures and festivals.

CHAPTER: VSUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION5.1 SummaryHandicraft production is an aged-old practice in Nepal. For the last 25–30 years, export of handicrafts has been growing. The development of handicraft helps for the promotion and conservation of national heritage and culture of country. This helps to create job opportunities and provide employments. The handicrafts of Nepal is produced in a traditional way, from generations to generations leading the footpath of ancestors or from forefather to grandfather to father and to son and this continuity has given the survival to Nepalese handicrafts, preserving their heritage, cultural values, aspects and tradition. The Handicraft industry is also one of the main exporting industries of Nepal, earning foreign exchange and providing employment to thousands of Nepalese craftsmen, artisans, promoters and businessmen generating revenue to government. Handicraft has become the major source of foreign revenue and foreign currency today. It is the only good source of revenue that has good international market in the Nepalese economy. Government of Nepal has also put this sector as the competitive product of Nepal. Many entrepreneurs locally and internationally are emerging in this sector to make international trade. There are many online websites on Nepalese handicrafts, which are used by international customers for ordering products. Patan city has been very famous for crafts and arts since decades. Various kinds of arts and crafts can be seen in the city of Patan. The crafts preserve the history and culture of the city.

5.2 ConclusionLocal handicrafts play an important role for attracting tourist to Nepal. It is one of the major exporting industries of Nepal. It has provided employment to thousands of Nepalese craftsmen. Artisans, businessman and earn foreign exchange helping to earn revenue for the government as well. Thus Nepalese artisans are to be encouraged to promote handicraft production and adopt it as profession then there will be the development of arts and crafts. They should as well be educated to preserve the Nepalese cultures. Thus handicrafts and arts has major importance for all the Nepalese people as it shows and demonstrate our history culture and existence and we should promote and preserve it.

5.3 RecommendationHandicraft industry is one of the major revenue generating industry of Nepal. It provides huge employment to majority of people in our country. Hence it should be promoted, developed and preserved. Some recommendations for its promotion and development are listed below:
Promotion and Marketing of Nepalese Handicraft is necessary at international markets.

Promotional activities like trade shows, exhibitions and Handicraft Expos should be organized to attract foreigners and local customers.

Monetary and tax benefits should be provided by the Government to the artisans for promotion, development and preservation of handicrafts goods.

Middlemen should be avoided by doing proper planning to improve handicraft industry.

The Government of Nepal should provide capital to the artisans to modernize crafts.

Proper training and education is to be provided to the youths about handicrafts and its importance.

Government should organize seminars on regular basis to upgrade technology and techniques of production
Local and foreign markets should be effectively organized. This helps for greater exports and brings substantial foreign currency to homeland.

Promotional and welfare programs should be provided to artisans for their betterment and for handicrafts.

Every citizen of the country should be responsible and dutiful towards promotion and preservation of own cultures and traditions.

REFERENCESMartinez, Sylvia (2013). Invent To Learn. Torrance, CA: Constructing Modern Knowledge. pp. 32–35. ISBN 978-0-9891511-0-8.Thomas MacMillan (2012 April 30), “On State Street, “Maker” Movement Arrives”
(https://www.newhavenindependent.org/index.php/archives/entry/make_haven/)
Clark, Alex (2011 September 18),”The hell of handicrafts”
(https://www.theguardian.com/theobserver/2011/sep/18/handicrafts-sewing-baking-alex-clark)
Blair, Elizabeth (2012 Dec 13),”Etsy Crafts A Strategy For Staying Handmade And Profitable”
(https://www.npr.org/2012/12/13/167080018/etsy-crafts-a-strategy-for-staying-handmade-and-profitable)
Anonymous (2016 November 23), “Gaia Handicraft”
(https://www.gaiacollection.com/)
Sushant (2017 December 27), “Handicrafts in Nepal, Nepalese-Handicraft”
(https://www.imartnepal.com/blog/handicrafts-in-nepal-nepalese-handicrafts.html)
Anonymous (2018),”Styles of Nepalese Handicrafts”
(http://sanahastakala.com/styles-of-nepalese-handicrafts/)
(http://repository.out.ac.tz/969/1/ROSE_MAKYAO_2.pdf)
(http://blog.culture-routes.net/the-importance-of-handicraft-sangimignano1300/)
(http://nepalhandicraft.org.np/?page_id=171)
APPENDIXSurvey Questionnaire
Dear Sir/Madam,
I am Manish Shakya, A final year student of Higher Diploma in Hotel and Restaurant Management (GATE-SHA HDH ; RM) from Global Academy of Tourism and Hospitality Education has prepared this survey for the thesis on “HANDICRAFTS AND TOURISM”: A Case Study on the role of Handicrafts and Arts for tourism development in Patan, I hereby kindly request you for your cooperation filling the questionnaire. All the information obtained will be kept confidential and will be used for the purpose of research only.

Your kind cooperation will be highly appreciated.

Respondents Profile
24479251371590044577001371590045720013715900Name:Address: Age:
81915015811400Occupation: Sex: Male Female
Education: Primary Secondary Higher secondary University-952525018900
Please put (?) on your preferred option.
What is your main Occupation?
Tourism
Business
Self Employed
Other
Does the art and craft plays an important role in Tourism Development in Patan?
Yes
No
Has the number of tourist visiting Patan city decreased?
Yes
No
How is the present situation of arts and crafts business in Patan?
Excellent
Good
Fair
Poor
Has there been downfall in production and sales of handicrafts products lately?
Yes
No
Do you think handicraft business has huge importance and has contributed to large employment to the locals?
Yes
No
Why do people buy art and crafts goods?
Home Décor
Exports
Gifts
Hobby
Others
What are the major attractions of the city of Patan?
Patan Durbar Square
Temples
Arts and Crafts
Foods
Festivals
Importance of Traditional Handicrafts to the Local People and for Tourism.

………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
What can be done to improve the art and craft business in Patan?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
How can production of handicraft product help in development of tourism in the Patan?
………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………………
____________________________________________________________________
Thank you for making your precious time out to take part in this survey.

Manish Shakya
16th Batch
Global Academy of Tourism and Hospitality Education (GATE)